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PROTECTING YOUR GAMEFOWL FARM part two

Posted by gamecocksunlimited on September 16, 2012

BASIC BIOSECURITY

What Is a Biosecurity Program?

 If we look at the word “biosecurity,” we can begin to under-stand its meaning. “Bio” refers to “life” and “security” implies some sort of protection. Hence, “biosecurity” refers to a type of program that is designed to protect life. In its simplest meaning, it means keeping the germs away from the poultry and keeping the poultry away from the germs.

What Types of Germs Are We Concerned About?

 There are several different types of germs that are often referred to as disease agents or pathogens.  They include viruses, bacteria, and fungi. In addition, parasites, found internally (in side the body) and externally (outside the body), can also cause disease.  The control of these parasites is considered an important part of a biosecurity program.

 How Do We Keep the Germs Away From the Poultry?

 Many procedures can be instituted to keep the germs away from the poultry. If you consider your flock as a “clean” flock(i.e., free of disease), then there are many ways to prevent disease from entering your farm. Here are a few steps to consider:

 

Post a “No Trespassing Sign” narlo.org/sign and ” biosecurity Signs” at the entrance of your property or at the entrance to where you keep your birds.  Raymac Signs Limited Gemplers.com University of Vermont Biosecurity Signs – Image Results

  

1. Limit visitors on your farm and restrict their direct contact with the flock.

2. If visitors have been in contact with any birds within the last 48 hours, they should wash and disinfect their hands, shoes, and wear clean coveralls that are kept at your facility for visitors.

3. Don’t let visitors bring their birds near yours.

4. Move your birds away from an area where you expect visitors on a regular basis or fence off with a barrier.

5. Obtain your birds from a disease-free source. Know the history of the flock by inquiring about past diseases in the parent flock and also the vaccine history of both the parents and newly hatched birds.

6. If you are adding new birds to your flock, have them quarantined in a separate area from your main flock for at least two weeks.

7. Keep free-living birds and mammals away from your flock as they may transmit disease agents to your flock of birds.

8. Obtain feed from a clean dependable source. Store feed good sealed containers so that it is bird-proof, insect-proof, and rodent-proof.

9. Obtain water from a clean source so it is free from potential contamination.

10. Ideally, it would be best to keep your pets away from the flock to prevent possible disease transmission.

11. Remove poultry mortality daily.  Store or dispose of them in an approved method

12. Set up a good parasite management program

13 Maintain a strong vector control program for insect, mammalian, and avian vectors.  Maintain bait stations, clean up feed spills, prevent entry by wild animals (rats, birds, insects) or pets (dogs, cats).  Use screens in windows, air inlets, doors feed bin exhausts etc.

 

How Do We Keep the Poultry Away From the Germs?

 

1. Prior to the arrival of new birds, clean and disinfect their housing to ensure that there is no build-up of potential disease pathogens from previous flocks.

2. If birds are housed on a dirt flooring, turn over the top layer of soil. This can help reduce potential pathogens and parasites that may be present in the soil and protect your new flock.

3. Clean and disinfect all equipment and supplies on a regular basis and definitely between flocks.

4. After disinfection of the housing, it is best to keep the house empty of birds for at least two weeks.

5. Isolate any new or returning fowl for at least two weeks to allow time for disease signs to develop before exposure to your flock

6. Isolate any fowl showing signs of illness.

7. Quarantine any contaminated area.

8. Notify your veterinarian immediately of any suspected disease.

9. Set up two-quarantine area.  One for new bird coming onto your farm and one for any sick birds that are already on you farm.  You can also set up two Cockhouses when you are getting ready for a show use cockhouse A after the show put birds back in cockhouse A. For the next show put birds in cockhouse B by the time you get this show ready you will know if any birds in cockhouse A have any sign of sickness if not put back in yard and disinfect cockhouse A and get ready for next show.

10. All equipment, supplies, etc. should remain in these quarantine areas do not use anywhere else on your farm

11. Do not mix different ages or species of birds. Older birds can pass on diseases to younger, more susceptible birds. In addition, some diseases like histomoniasis (blackhead) can be transferred from chickens to turkeys.

 

By following these biosecurity recommendations, you can ensure that exposure to disease-causing agents can be minimized. By reducing the exposure to disease agents, you can prevent diseases from occurring in your flock.

If anyone has any thing to add please do so, saving our Gamefowl is very important and has to be done on many levels

The Animal rights groups say our Gamefowl spread diseases.

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